The Serres and DuPrees

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Our line of the Gaillard family married into two interesting families, the Serres and the DuPrees. Both, like the Gaillards, were of Huguenot descent. Theodore Gaillard married Elizabeth Serre. Charles Gaillard married Anne DuPree and Charles Gaillard, Jr. married his cousin, Sara DuPree.
The Serre family history is probably best found in the “South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine,” Volume XLIII, 1942, page 14, stating:
 
“As the Act of Naturalization (1696) records a “Noah Serre weaver”, he was probably bred to that trade. He was granted lot No.190 in Charles Town, May 9, 1694, and it’s survey ordered March 3, 1694/95. Either for him or his son, Noe, the Surveyor General was ordered to lay off 500 acres, August 27, 1701, and 200 acres in Craven County, December 21, 1703. The second Noe was a planter on Santee, perhaps the original owner of Hampton. His son, the third Noe, began the house which passed to its present owners, the Rutledges, from their ancestor, Daniel Horry, who received it as part of the dowry of his first wife, Judith Serre, daughter of the builder. A daughter of one of the Noe Serres married Theodore, son of Bartholomew Gaillard. In brief, the weaver’s family rose to the top of society in South Carolina.”
 
Hampton, the Serre plantation, near McClellanville, South Carolina is still standing. Owned by the state of South Carolina, it serves as a museum. It is one of the oldest and most interesting houses in the South. The original house, still standing, was constructed by the Serres. Only the portico was added by the Rutledges. It is easy enough to imagine how the house originally looked before the columns of the Greek Revival craze were added. It was a large and dignified house of imposing simplicity, a testimony to colonial taste and craftsmanship.
 
The DuPree family is descended from Josias and Martha DuPree, Huguenots, who went from France to England and then to South Carolina in 1686. A family record states: “The DuPree family, respectable in France, had to flee from thence to England at the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes. While in England they found Benjamin Simons, a French child, whom they took into their family.” (Simons later married one of their daughters, Mary Esther DuPree.)
 
The best history of the DuPrees dealing with our branch, from which the above quote is taken, is found in an article entitled “Josias and Martha DuPree and Some of Their Descendents in the January, 1970 “South Carolina Historical Magazine.” (South Carolina Historical Magazine,” Vol. 71, No. 1, January, 60 1970, Charleston, S.C. pages 46-60.)
 
Josias DuPree and his sons, Cornelius and Josias, Jr. became citizens in 1697. Josias was granted land in 1702 on the eastern branch of the Cooper River, and in 1703 he was granted an additional 730 acres. Josias, Sr. was active on the vestry of St. Thomas and St. Denis Church and signed a warrant to pay the salary of the schoolmaster, “tenne pounds.” His will was proved in 1747.
 
Josias DuPree, Jr. married Sarah Gamier in 1701. She was the daughter of Daniel and Elizabeth Fanton Garnier of near La Rochelle, France. Her sister Elizabeth married Daniel Horry. In 1721 Josias DuPree, Jr. was a Justice of the Peace for Berkeley County, appointed by Governor Nicholson. Justices of the Peace were usually men of either property or prominence. In 1731 he was a vestryman of Prince Frederick’s Episcopal Church.
 
Josias and Sara Garnier DuPree had, among other children, a son, Josias Garnier DuPree. He married first, Ann--, second, Sara Allston. He lived in Prince Frederick’s Parish, and was clerk for the parish. His name appears innumerable times in their Register Book, which has been reprinted by the Colonial Dames. In 1734 he was a pew holder in Prince Frederick’s Episcopal Church. He had, among other children, a son, Josias DuPree, born 1730 who married Ann Mouzon. He also had a son, Lewis, who moved to North Carolina.
 
Josias DuPree and Ann Mouzon DuPree had six children, including Anne and Lewis. Josias died young on March 2, 1764, aged 34, and his wife remarried.
 
Anne DuPree, their daughter, married Charles Gaillard I on September 13, 1770. Her brother, Lewis, who as far as we know never married, was one of the most brilliant and colorful of ancestors. He was the uncle of Charles Gaillard, Jr., the medical evangelist, and the line of skilled intelligence and crusading compassion is evident.
 
Lewis DuPree, 1762-1813, followed the tradition of the 18th century man, thinker and inventor, and was part of the Golden Age of the South, in which liberal ideas flourished, before the latter descent of the Orthodox Period.
 
Lewis invented pendulum screens, tinkered in mechanics, drew maps, and wrote tracts against slavery and the use of animal food. Some of these tracts survive. Even in the 18th century his views on slavery did not make him popular in South Carolina and Charleston, although they tolerated him, and his views on the use of animal food caused him to be regarded as something of an eccentric.
 
His views on slavery have been justified, and his views on animal food only recently, in which it has been popularized how animal fat is dangerous to health. The “Charleston Courier’ of January 4, 1813 carried this obituary. (He had died visiting the DuPrees of North Carolina.) “Died, Raleigh, N.C.: Lewis DuPree of Charleston, S.C., author of several tracts against slavery and the use of animal food. His life was devoted to what he believed to be the best interests of mankind.” It was a tongue in cheek tribute to an idealist whose ideals they could not share. He was one of the most interesting men of his time and area. Never marrying, he devoted himself to what he believed to be the best interests of mankind.
 
It should be remarked upon that the testimonials of the DuPree family in nearly all generations remark upon their high intelligence and mechanical skills. This intelligence and skill with the fingers surfaced again in Charles Gaillard, Jr., the son of Anne DuPree, in his surgical skill and medical training. However, there was more to Lewis DuPree and his nephew, Charles Gaillard, Jr. than mere intelligence and finger skill. There was in them both a sensitivity to suffering, whether that of the slave or the sick, a genuine power of compassion that raised them truly high.
 
If one wrote tracts in a liberal age, and would thus be classified as a liberal, the other sermons in an orthodox period, and thus would be classified as conservative, their motivating sensitivity to human suffering and compassion for humanity was the same. The same spirit blew them into different ports. One was a Christian, preaching by bonfires that this flesh shall see God, the other probably was not a Christian, if one, a very superficial and civilized 18th century one, but what did it matter? This uncle and nephew were united in devoting themselves to what they felt to be the best interests of mankind.
 
Charles Gaillard, Jr. married his cousin, a widow, Sara DuPree LaBorn., the daughter of an earlier Lewis DuPree, for whom the tract writer was named, who had gone to North Carolina where he married Lucille Ballou in 1762. In North Carolina this earlier Lewis DuPree was an officer in the North Carolina militia during the American Revolution, listed as Colonel, a member of the North Carolina House of Representatives in 1778, and a member of the Senate of North Carolina 1788-91. He was a prominent planter.
 
Though far apart geographically, a colony was a long distance in those days, this aristocratic Gaillard-DuPree strain married cousins constantly, going to see each other for long visits, which always seemed to end in a wedding.
 
In this family of Lewis DuPree, Sara married her cousin, Charles Gaillard, Jr. Her sister, Mary Elizabeth, married Josias  DuPree Gaillard. Her brother, James DuPree, married Katherine Gaillard. Later on, Sara Holleman, daughter of this Sara, would marry for the second time another cousin, Archibald DuPree Gaillard. This was after the untimely young death of her first husband, Joseph Holleman, Sr.
 
These aristocrats seemed to prefer others with the same background, outlook and intelligence. Of these consanguineous marriages, no ill effects have been recorded or noticed, nor, for that matter, have any positive ones.
 
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Dr. James MacLeod may be contacted through the Neill Macaulay Foundation.